Key concepts and metrics
Engagement is your content's ability to hold visitor attention. That is: the more content they consume, and the longer they stay active, the more engaging your content is.
Market segment data
Market segment is a subset of your visitors that match a certain criterion. For example, they might share the same original landing page or the referring domain they came from.
The first visit spans all the pageviews that the visitor craws in the first interaction with the product. The visitor starts building interest.
Visitors with excellent first-time user experience (FTUX) are more likely to come back than the ones with a bad experience.
Improving the first-time user experience is the most effective way to improve the overall performance of your conversion funnel because all the more important conversion metrics depend on this.
More importantly, metrics under the first visit are actionable — i.e., you can actually influence them. These are called leading indicators because they give early signals about the upcoming retention and conversion events.
Return intensity is the most reliable indicator of whether you are making something people want. The more intensively people interact with your product, and stronger is your product/market fit. And the stronger your fit, the more actions you can expect to come.
The best way to increase return intensity is to focus on the first-time user experience, so the visitors want to come back in the first place. A typical way to harm retention is overselling, particularly on the landing page.
Key conversions are special events that occur when the visitors respond to a call-to-action. In this case, the visitor is converted to some higher state on the customer journey: an anonymous visitor becomes a lead, or a lead becomes a paying customer, and so on.
Key conversions are at the bottom of the funnel are called lagging indicators — they are easy to measure but hard/impossible to influence directly. So to increase conversions, you must focus on improving the metrics at the top of the funnel.
TIP Hold down your Command or Windows key while clicking an entry on the list and you can compare the performance of two pages or segments.
The total amount of page views on the sample set.
Return visitor rate
The ratio of page views that were viewed by returning visitors.
The total amount of visitors on the sample set.
The timestamp of the first event on the sample set.
The timestamp of the last event on the sample set.
Average visitor age
The average time between the first visit and the current time for all visitors on the sample set. This age can vary a lot, depending on how mature the market segment is.
The number of visitors whose age is longer than the average visitor lifetime. We only sample visitors that are mature enough to give the correct retention and conversion numbers.
Anything less than 300 visitors gives you a warning because the sample set is too small for statistically significant results. You must either wait for more visitors to appear, or if the visitor count is more than 300, you must wait for the visitors to mature.
Amount of returning visitors, not on their first visit.
The ratio of the page views, when the page acted as a landing page
The ratio of the page views, when the page acted as a landing page solely for the new visitors. On this viewing context, the page is responsible for building awareness and interest for the product.
Mobile device rate
Ratio of he mobile devices across all the page views
3s stay rate
The percentage of the visitors who stayed on the page for 3 seconds or more.
If the page acts as a landing page for new visitors and the majority of the people drop at this point, the problem is likely the following:
Slow load time 53% of visits are abandoned if a mobile site takes longer than 3 seconds to load. *
Layout problem Page layout is complex, and the content is hard to access or covered behind an overlay.
Auto-play problem A video or audio with sounds starts playing automatically.
Issues at this stage are easiest to fix because the first impression is 94% related to design. *
7s stay rate
The percentage of new visitors who paid attention to the content for 7 seconds or more.
For new visitors, this metric can be referred to as problem awareness, because seven seconds should be enough for the person to figure out the problem the product aims to solve. If the majority of the people drop at this point, the problem is likely the following:
- Wrong market the problem is not relevant for the visitor
- Wrong problem the problem is not worth solving at all
We can fix the first one with better targeting, but if no amount of targeting works, you are likely working on a problem that nobody cares.
15s stay rate
The percentage of visitors who paid attention to the content for 15 seconds or more.
For new visitors, this metric can be referred to as solution awareness, because 15 seconds should be enough for the person to figure out how the product solves the presented problem. If the majority of the people drop at this point, the problem is likely the following:
- Bad intro — people don't understand the solution
- Bad execution — people doubt the implementation
If 55% of your visitors pass this phase, you are already better than most sites on the Internet. *
1min engaged rate
This is the percentage of visitors who paid attention to the content for one minute or more. These visitors are clearly interested in the product.
3min engaged rate
The percentage of visitors who paid attention to the content three minutes or more. These visitors are more likely to return in the near future.
The amount of time the person actively spends on a single web page. Other popular terms for this metric are “total time reading” (for Medium.com), “attention time,“ or “dwell time.“
The number of viewports consumed on a page. A viewport is marked consumed after receiving enough attention so that we can assume that the person had fully read its content. This time depends on the viewport size. Bigger viewports require more time than the smaller viewports.
For example a 1440 × 900 sized viewports requires 15 seconds of engagement.
Percentage of visitors who continued to the next page. This is the inverse of bounce rate, but with a positive meaning. Generally speaking, all metrics should be positive and something you want to increase.
The number of pages visited on a single session. Volument does not count hidden, unvisited browser tabs.
Engagement score tells how effectively a web page can hold visitor attention. The weighted value is summed as follows:
5 points — from staying 7 seconds on the page
10 point — from staying 15 seconds on the page
50 points — for one minute of activity
100 points — for three minutes of activity
100 points — for proceeding to the next page
For example, when everyone continues to the next page, the score is 100, and if everyone actively engages three minutes on the page and then proceeds to the next page, the score is 200. A low score, however, means that the people left the site as soon as they arrived — the experience was somehow bad.
Visitor lifetime defines how long (in days) visitors actively interacts with your site before they stop visiting. The longer they are retained, the better. This is the most impactful metric because as you increase visitor lifetime, you will also increase virality and the conversion rates.
When people stay longer, they have more chances to convert and share the product with others, and you have more opportunities to monetize them.
The percentage of visitors who came back once or more.
The percentage of visitors who came back twice or more.
The total amount of visits during the visitor lifetime.
Total time engaged
The total amount of seconds the person had been focusing on the content within the visitor lifetime.
Total viewports consumed
The total amount of viewports consumed within the visitor lifetime.
The percentage of visitors who gave their contact information. Also known as lead conversion rate.
The percentage of visitors who invited other people to the site and contributed to viral growth. These people are converted to promoters. Also known as “evangelists.“
Invitations per visitor
The total amount of invitations made by a visitor.
The percentage of the invited peers who accepted the invitation and signed up on the website. Also known as the peer conversion rate.
The number of new sign-ups a visitor generates. If this is 0.5, then each visitor brings in 0.5 new leads. A value greater than one implies exponential growth.
The percentage of visitors turned into paying customers. Also known as customer conversion rate.
The percentage of visitors who purchased more than once.
Revenue per visitor
The amount of revenue visitors bring during their lifetime.
You can use this metric to sort segments so that the most revenue-generating is on the top. Revenue can be a useful “north star metric” for e-commerce sites and mobile applications where the sales cycles are short and where you make a lot of conversions for statistically significant results. Otherwise it's better to use traction.
Traction is sum of all conversions generated from a group of visitors. This score is calculated by weighting the various conversions as follows:
1 point — from one minute of engagement and becoming a suspect
3 points — from three minutes of engagement and becoming a highly qualified suspect
10 points — for coming back and becoming a return visitor or prospect
5 points — for each additional return visit to increase the prospect quality.
15 points — for signing up and becoming a lead
15 points — for inviting a peer and becoming a promoter
10 points — for each additional invite and the increased virality
50 points — for making a purchase and becoming a customer
20 points — for making another purchase increasing the customer value
The resulting sum varies between 0-100 but can rise above 100 with virally growing businesses, which is extremely rare and most likely temporary.
We also give a human friendly grading for the numeric score as follows:
- none (0-10) — no business
- low (10-20) — no product/market fit
- some (20-30) — could be better
- ok (30-40) — solid business
- good (40-50) — above the average
- strong (50-60) — exceptionally good business
- strong+ (70-80) — unicorn level growth
- viral (80-90) — exponential growth
- viral+ (90-100) — fastest growing in the world
- wtf (100+) — shouldn't be possible
Traction is a better measure for success than revenue because it works for all businesses and organizations:
- Non-profit organizations,
- Startups who are not receiving much conversions yet, and
- SAAS products with a long trial period (and often no statistical significance)